The conceptualisation of sexualised deepfakes as AI-generated image-based violence


This presentation focuses on the legal contextualisation of the generation of fake audiovisual content based on replacing and shuffling facial or voice data using Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology, commonly known as “deepfakes”. The legal analysis will be limited to the examination of deepfakes’ impact on the gender equality spectrum, and particular focus will be given to the gender-based violence context. For this reason, the analysis will be built upon the European AI Act, the European Directive on combating violence against women and domestic violence (GBV Act), and the Digital Service Act (DSA) examination.


Anastasia Karagianni


Anastasia Karagianni is a certified Lawyer in the Bar Association of Thessaloniki in Greece. She is passionate about Law and Technology and this is the reason why she decided her LL.M. in International Human Rights Law to focus on digital rights. She worked as a Junior Legal Officer at the Digital Freedom Fund in Berlin, while her awareness of the rights of the child led her to take action in 2017 and found ChildAct. ChildAct is an initiative for the advocacy and legal protection of children’s digital rights, mainly of their privacy and data protection. If you want to learn more about children’s online privacy, you can watch her TEDx Talk on this matter (cited only in Greek).Anastasia is currently a PhD candidate at the Vrije University of Brussels conducting research on gender discrimination in AI, while she is a Mozilla Foundation Awardee for the project ”A feminist dictionary in AI’‘. She is also a co-founder of DATAWO, a civil society organisation based in Greece that advocates for gender equality in the digital era- and is willing to work in the field of strategic litigation for the advancement of digital rights protection from the perspective of gender equality.

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